Category Politics


Civilizations have two important properties: they are dissipative systems, and they are creative systems. A dissipative system is a physical system that maintains its state by turning resources from a usable form into an unusable waste form. In terms of physics (specifically: thermodynamics) one can describe them as dynamic systems that produce entropy (i.e. they […]

Civilizations – Part 4

(continued…) The standard view on resources is to treat them as being external to the system. So we perceive the extension of the system of our civilization as growth. But while this system is growing, the resources are shrinking. If growth happens at a constant rate (measured in percent), it is actually exponential, so the […]

Civilizations – Part 3

(…continued). If a civilization outstrips the available resources and does not manage to stop growing, it will use up its reserves (raw materials, ecosystems, biodiversity, land, water, the ability of the environment (including the atmosphere) to take up its waste products, sources of energy) and then it will be too big for the resources that […]

Building a Time Machine

In this article, I am explaining how to build a time machine that can be used to send raw materials into the future. How can this be done, and what would it be good for? As you will see, it is technically possible without breaking the laws of physics. And it could even be useful. […]

Candle-Type Economies and Forest-Type Economies

Originally posted on The Asifoscope:
We can distinguish two types of economies: candle-type economies and forest-type economies. The flame of a candle is a dissipative system. It is a dynamic system preserving its shape by dissipating energy. Obviously a candle-flame is a non-sustainable dissipative system: it is using up a finite amount of wax and…

Selling the Acropolis

The ongoing crisis in some European countries is endangering their cultural heritage. Countries like Greece and Italy contain enormous treasures of works of art and architecture worth preserving, spanning the time from the stone age through antiquity right up to the 21st century. A lot of this is cultural heritage is state owned. The financial situation […]

Changing Inheritance Laws

The resources of our planet are limited. There is only a limited amount of raw materials, fresh water, sea, air, soil, ecosystems and biodiversity. There is only a limited amount of energy available at each time. We have created an economy that requires growth in order to function well. Obviously, a limted base of resources […]