Monthly Archives: March 2015

Civilizations – Part 3

(…continued). If a civilization outstrips the available resources and does not manage to stop growing, it will use up its reserves (raw materials, ecosystems, biodiversity, land, water, the ability of the environment (including the atmosphere) to take up its waste products, sources of energy) and then it will be too big for the resources that […]

Civilizations – Part 2

(…continued). The amount of resources of any kind is limited. For a growing civilization, this can lead to a crisis. But being creative, a civilization is able to open up new resources. Examples from history include the invention of clothes, fire and housing enabling humans to settle in colder areas, the invention of bow and […]

Civilizations – Part 1

Civilizations have two important properties: they are dissipative systems, and they are creative systems. A dissipative system is a physical system that maintains its state by turning resources from a usable form into an unusable waste form. In terms of physics (specifically: thermodynamics) one can describe them as dynamic systems that produce entropy (i.e. they […]